Things you didn’t know about Panama

18 Jan

Our morning shopping: Pineapple, Papaya, Small Watermelon, Leek, Celery, Tomatos, Cauliflower, Onion, Carrots, Cucumber, Zuchini, Green Pepper, and Cantelope.

Here is $11.75 worth of fruit and veggies we picked up this morning.

Here is $11.75 worth of fruit and veggies we picked up this morning.

Here is a link to a short (20  sec.) video of a rainbow off the back deck here at Isla Verde: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xmb4j-cXY8o

News story this week in Panama-Guide.com, an online english language 'newspaper'. Don Winner, the American reporter, editor, publisher is amazing. Having been here for years, he is in the know about everything. Even in assisting capture of a recent murderer thru his contacts.
Other tidbits follow the story below…feel free to 'scan' on if not interested in history. By the Way, Boquete is where we are staying.

4,000-year-old shaman’s stones discovered near Boquete, Panama

Monday, January 14 2013 @ 04:38 PM EST

Contributed by: Don Winner, Panama-Guide.com

 14 January, 2013

 Archaeologists working at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama have discovered a cluster of 12 unusual stones in the back of a small, prehistoric rock-shelter near the town of Boquete. The cache represents the earliest material evidence of shamanistic practice in lower Central America. Ruth Dickau, Leverhulme Post-doctoral Fellow at the University of Exeter in England, unearthed the cache of stones in the Casita de Piedra rock-shelter in 2007. A piece of charcoal found directly underneath the cache was radiocarbon dated to 4,800 years ago. A second fragment of charcoal in a level above the cache was dated to 4,000 years ago.

“There was no evidence of a disturbance or pit feature to suggest someone had come along, dug a hole and buried the stones at a later date,” Dickau said. “The fact that the stones were found in a tight pile suggests they were probably deposited inside a bag or basket, which subsequently decomposed.”

Based on the placement and the unusual composition of the stones in the cache, Richard Cooke, STRI staff scientist, suggested they were used by a shaman or healer. Consulting geologist Stewart Redwood determined that the cache consists of a small dacite stone fashioned into a cylindrical tool; a small flake of white, translucent quartz; a bladed quartz and jarosite aggregate; a quartz crystal aggregate; several pyrite nodules that showed evidence of use; a small, worn and abraded piece of chalcedony; a magnetic andesite flake; a large chalcedony vein stone; and a small magnetic kaolinite stone naturally eroded into an unusual shape, similar to a flower.

“A fascinating aspect of this find is that these are not ordinary stones but are rocks and crystals commonly associated with gold deposits in the Central Cordillera of Panama and Central America,” Redwood said. “However, there are no gold artifacts in the rock-shelter, and there’s no evidence that the stones were collected in the course of gold prospecting as the age of the cache pre-dates the earliest known gold artifacts from Panama by more than 2,000 years. But the collector of the stones clearly had an eye for unusual stones and crystals with a special significance whose meaning is lost to us.”

Indigenous groups who lived near this site include the Ngäbe, Buglé, Bribri, Cabécar and the now-extinct Dorasque peoples. Shamans or healers (curanderos) belonging to these and other present-day First Americans in Central and South America often include special stones among the objects they use for ritual practices. Stones containing crystal structures are linked to transformative experiences in many of their stories.

Anthony Ranere, from Temple University in Philadelphia, first identified and excavated Casita de Piedra in an archaeological survey of western Panama in the early 1970s. He found that the small rock-shelter had been repeatedly occupied over thousands of years and used for a variety of domestic activities such as food processing and cooking, stone-tool manufacture and retouch, and possibly woodworking. Dickau returned to the site to expand excavations from December 2006 to January 2007.

Dickau’s group radiocarbon dated charcoal from the base levels of the shelter and discovered it was first occupied more than 9,000 years ago, much earlier than Ranere originally proposed. Her research also showed that the people who would have benefitted from the shaman’s knowledge practiced small-scale farming of maize, manioc and arrowroot, and collected palm nuts, tree fruits and wild tubers. They also probably hunted and fished in the nearby hills and streams, but the humid soils in the shelter destroyed any evidence of animal bones. Other Preceramic peoples in Panama who lived in small, dispersed communities across the isthmus by 4,000 years ago commonly practiced these activities.

Other ‘news’:

No one wears shorts here, except a very few attractive  young women and tourists (mostly back-packer, hostel occupants). You really never see men, and rarely women in shorts or even dresses here. I’m sure Panama City is different as to dresses.

Eggs are not refrigerated in stores…they sit on shelves in their 1 dozen or larger ‘crates’. But do have expiration dates.

While the Bolivar is the official currency and equal to one US dollar, The American Dollar is the actual currency of the country. They do mint Panamanian coins, in the exact same sizes and denominations as US coins, plus a larger than our quarter size, B/1(Bolivar coin), but paper currency is all US.

Visa and Mastercard are widely accepted….not so much American Express outside hotels, large restaurants, and car rentals. Travellers checks are difficult to cash…only at banks. Generally, $100 bills are rarely accepted, and often when they are it requires ID and recording bill numbers, etc. Even $50’s can be difficult.

Many think that Panama runs off the income from the Canal. Actually when combined with other Communication and Transportation items they only contribute 25% of the economy here. Unemployment is currently at 3%, and they have created a new category of Visa to encourage workers to come here. All levels from professional occupations to manual laborers are needed. A new copper mining project is to be one of the largest in the world. A $6 billion dollar investment dwarfs the cost of the Canal expansion.
Thought you might like to know!

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